LEGENDS AND RECORDS
Many Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Hebrew, Hermetic, Coptic and medieval Arabic scholarly sources agree that the Great Pyramid was not constructed during the time frame of Pharaoh Khufu or The Old Kingdom, but was built during the 'Age of the Gods' thousands of years earlier.
Time and again ancient legends, recorded for example by the Roman Marcellinus, the Coptic Al Masudi and the Arab Ibn Abd Alhokim, recount how the Great Pyramid was built to preserve the knowledge of a magnificent civilization from destruction by a flood; a flood that brought the Age of the Gods to an abrupt end. The various Chronologies of Legendary Rulers place a minimum date for the end of the Age of the Gods at around 10,000 B.C. This is the time frame ascribed to the destruction of Atlantis, in the literary works of Plato. It is now known that this was a period of enormous climatic and geological upheaval, accompanied by massive plant and animal extinctions. It was the time of the ending of the last Ice Age.
In Egypt, geologists have found that the combined effects of melting glaciers coupled with a steep rise in precipitation levels in Central Africa, around 10,000 B.C., caused the Nile River to swell hugely in size washing out its entire valley throughout the length of Egypt. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea began to expand due to rising ocean levels from the meltdown of the northern glaciers. It has been established that for a brief period its waters actually flooded the lower Nile Valley. These inundations are believed by geologists to have been the last major flood events in Egypt’s history. Consistent with this, a fourteen-foot layer of sediment was discovered around the base of the Great Pyramid. It was found to contain many seashells, and the fossil of a sea cow, all of which were radiocarbon dated to about 10,000 B.C.
Legends and records also relate that, before the Arabs removed the Great Pyramid’s outer casing stones, water marks were visible at around the 240 foot level. When the Pyramid was first opened in relatively modern times, incrustations of salt an inch thick were found inside. Most of this salt was revealed to be natural exudation from the rock walls, but chemical analysis also indicated that a proportion of the salt had a mineral content consistent with sea salt. By analogy, if the flooding of 10,000 B.C. was the last major inundation of Egypt, the Great Pyramid must date from a period before the flooding occurred.
Looking at the evidence overall, the case for a 4th Dynasty origin for the Giza monuments is surprisingly weak. Who in fact built the pyramids at Giza, how old they really are, and what they were originally used for, still remains a mystery - except perhaps for a chosen few.
See also: Mystery of Abydos